( Sequences

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 5.8 Defining Canned Command Sequences
 When the same sequence of commands is useful in making various targets,
 you can define it as a canned sequence with the `define' directive, and
 refer to the canned sequence from the rules for those targets.  The
 canned sequence is actually a variable, so the name must not conflict
 with other variable names.
    Here is an example of defining a canned sequence of commands:
      define run-yacc
      yacc $(firstword $^)
      mv $@
 Here `run-yacc' is the name of the variable being defined; `endef'
 marks the end of the definition; the lines in between are the commands.
 The `define' directive does not expand variable references and
 function calls in the canned sequence; the `$' characters, parentheses,
 variable names, and so on, all become part of the value of the variable
 you are defining.   Defining Variables Verbatim Defining, for a
 complete explanation of `define'.
    The first command in this example runs Yacc on the first
 prerequisite of whichever rule uses the canned sequence.  The output
 file from Yacc is always named `'.  The second command moves the
 output to the rule's target file name.
    To use the canned sequence, substitute the variable into the
 commands of a rule.  You can substitute it like any other variable
 ( Basics of Variable References Reference.).  Because variables
 defined by `define' are recursively expanded variables, all the
 variable references you wrote inside the `define' are expanded now.
 For example:
      foo.c : foo.y
 `foo.y' will be substituted for the variable `$^' when it occurs in
 `run-yacc''s value, and `foo.c' for `$@'.
    This is a realistic example, but this particular one is not needed in
 practice because `make' has an implicit rule to figure out these
 commands based on the file names involved ( Using Implicit Rules
 Implicit Rules.).
    In command execution, each line of a canned sequence is treated just
 as if the line appeared on its own in the rule, preceded by a tab.  In
 particular, `make' invokes a separate subshell for each line.  You can
 use the special prefix characters that affect command lines (`@', `-',
 and `+') on each line of a canned sequence.   Writing the Commands
 in Rules Commands.  For example, using this canned sequence:
      define frobnicate
      @echo "frobnicating target $@"
      frob-step-1 $< -o $@-step-1
      frob-step-2 $@-step-1 -o $@
 `make' will not echo the first line, the `echo' command.  But it _will_
 echo the following two command lines.
    On the other hand, prefix characters on the command line that refers
 to a canned sequence apply to every line in the sequence.  So the rule:
 does not echo _any_ commands.  ( Command Echoing Echoing, for a
 full explanation of `@'.)
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