vacation -- return extended absence message


GREEK CAPITAL LETTER CHI<vacation -i [ -r interval ] [ -x ]
vacation [ -a alias ] [ -f database ] [ -m message ] [ -s address ] [ -t time ] [ -z ] login


vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that you are currently not reading your mail. The intended use is in a .forward file. For example, your .forward file might have:
   \eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman erica"
which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and reply to any messages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.

Available options:

-a alias
Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received for the user's login name.

-f filename
Use filename as name of the database instead of ~/.vacation.db. Unless the filename starts with / it is relative to ~.

Initialize the vacation database files. It should be used before you modify your .forward file.

-m filename
Use filename as name of the file containing the message to send instead of ~/.vacation.msg. Unless the filename starts with / it is relative to ~.

-r interval
Set the reply interval to interval days. The default is one week. An interval of ``0'' or ``infinite'' (actually, any non-numeric character) will never send more than one reply.

-s address
Use address instead of the sender address in the From: line to determine the reply address.

-t time
Ignored, available only for compatibility with Sun Microsystem's vacation program.

reads an exclusion list from stdin (one address per line). Mails coming from an address in this exclusion list won't get a reply by vacation. It is possible to exclude complete domains by specifying ``@domain'' as element of the exclusion list.

Set the sender of the vacation message to ``<>'' instead of the user. This probably violates the RFCs since vacation messages are not required by a standards-track RFC to have a null reverse-path.
No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a option) is part of either the ``To:'' or ``Cc:'' headers of the mail. No messages from ``???-REQUEST'', ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'', ``MAILER'', or ``MAILER-DAEMON'' will be replied to (where these strings are case insensitive) nor is a notification sent if a ``Precedence: bulk'' or ``Precedence: junk'' line is included in the mail headers. The people who have sent you messages are maintained as a dbm(S) database in the file .vacation.db in your home directory.

vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing a message to be sent back to each sender. It should be an entire message (including headers). For example, it might contain:

   From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
   Subject: I am on vacation
   Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
   Precedence: bulk

I am on vacation until July 22. If you have something urgent, please contact Keith Bostic <bostic@CS.Berkeley.EDU>. --eric

vacation reads the first line from the standard input for a UNIX ``From'' line to determine the sender. sendmail(ADMN) includes this ``From'' line automatically.

Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with non-existent logins, are logged in the system log file, using syslog(SLIB).


database file

message to send

See also

sendmail(ADMN), syslog(SLIB)
© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003