remove nodes and read specifications of nodes
This command performs the following functions:
idmknod is run automatically when
installs a newly built kernel as /unix.
idmknod can be called as a user level command to test
modification of the /dev directory before a DSP
(Driver Software Package) is actually built.
It is also useful in installation scripts that do not reconfigure the
kernel, but need to create /dev entries.
Removes the nodes for non-required devices from /dev
(it removes those that do not have ``a'', ``k'',
or ``r'' in field 3 of the device's mdevice entry).
Ordinary files will not be removed.
If the /dev directory contains subdirectories,
those subdirectories will be traversed
and nodes found for non-required devices will be removed as well.
If empty subdirectories result due to the removal of nodes,
the subdirectories are then removed.
Reads the specifications of nodes given in the files contained in
/etc/conf/node.d and installs these nodes in /dev.
If the node specification defines a path containing subdirectories,
the subdirectories will be made automatically.
Returns 0 on success and a positive number on error.
The files in /etc/conf/node.d are copies of the Node
modules installed by device DSPs.
There should be at most one file per DSP.
Each file contains one line for each node that is to be installed.
The line has the following format if the node is a block or
character special device:
name newnode type minor [ owner group mode ]
If the node is a hard link or a symbolic link, the format is:
name newnode type oldnode
The fields are defined as follows:
The command line options to idmknod are:
Name of device entry in the mdevice file (The
mdevice entry will be the line installed by the DSP
from its Master module).
This field must be from 1 to 8 characters in length.
The first character must be a letter.
The others may be letters, digits, or underscores.
Name of node to be inserted in /dev. The first character must
be a letter. The others may be letters, digits, or underscores.
This field is a path relative to /dev, and
idmknod will create subdirectories as needed.
The file type as indicated by one of the following
characters (this determines the format of the line):
newnode is a block special file.
newnode is a character special file.
newnode is a link.
newnode is a symbolic link.
Minor device number. This must be a decimal value between 0 and 255,
except for drivers that have duplicate entries with the ``M'' characteristic in
In such a case, the upper limit is determined by adding 255 to the maximum
OFFSET value defined in
for the particular driver; that is,
upper limit = 255 + maximum OFFSET.
If this field is a non-numeric, it is assumed to be a request for a
streams clone device node, and idmknod will set the minor number
to the value of the major number of the device specified.
(Optional field.) Contains the name of the owner of the device node.
(Optional field.) Contains the name of the group to which
the device node belongs.
(Optional field.) Contains the mode of the device node, as
an octal number (see
The name of another node in /dev to which newnode is
to be linked. If a hard link is required (type is l)
then oldnode must already exist (it should be listed
earlier in the file).
The Node modules that normally reside in
/etc/conf/node.d can be found in the
Output a list of device names, device types, and device numbers
to the file specified by nodelist.
This option implies that the -s option is specified.
The file mdevice that normally resides in
/etc/conf/cf.d can be found in the directory
The oldmode for a symbolic link (type is s)
is relative to directory symdir rather than /dev.
Nodes will be installed in the directory devdir
rather than /dev.
Suppress removing nodes (just add new nodes).
An exit value of zero indicates success. If an error was encountered
due to a syntax or format error in a nodes entry, an advisory message
is printed to the standard error output and the command continues.
If a serious error is encountered (that is, a required file cannot be found),
idmknod exits with a non-zero value after
reporting an error message. The error messages should be self-explanatory.
Some example node file entries:
asy tty00 c 1
makes /dev/tty00 for character device asy using
minor device 1.
qt rmt/c0s0 c 4
makes /dev/rmt/c0s0 for character device qt using
minor device 4.
qt rqt0 l rmt/c0s0
creates a link named /dev/rqt0 to /dev/rmt/c0s0
for device qt.
clone net/nau/clone c nau
makes /dev/net/nau/clone for device clone.
The minor device number is set
to the major device number of device nau.
© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003