Devices -- format of UUCP Devices file


type  tty_line  dialer_line speed dialer [ token ] ...


The Devices file (/usr/lib/uucp/Devices) contains information for all the devices that can be used to establish a link to a remote computer. These devices include automatic call units, direct links, and network connections. This file works closely with the Configuration, Dialers, Systems, and Dialcodes files.

Each line in the Devices file contains the following whitespace-separated fields:

Can contain one of two keywords (direct or ACU), the name of a Local Area Network switch, or a system name.

Contains the device name of the line (port) associated with the Devices entry. For example, if the Automatic Dial Modem for a particular entry is attached to the /dev/tty11 line, the name entered in this field is tty11.

Useful only for 801 type dialers, which do not contain a modem and must use an additional line. If you do not have an 801 dialer, enter a hyphen ( - ) as a placeholder.

The speed or speed range of the device. It may contain an indicator for distinguishing different dialer classes.

dialer token
One or more pairs of dialers and tokens. Each represents a dialer and an argument to be passed to it. The dialer portion can be the name of an automatic dial modem, or it may specify direct for a direct link device.

For best results, dialer programs are preferred entries in this field. The following is an example of such an entry using a dialer binary:
ACU  ttynn  -  300-2400  /usr/lib/uucp/dialHA24

Note that all lines must have at least 5 fields. Use ``-'' for unused fields. Types that appear in the 5th field must be either built-in functions (801, Sytek, TCP, Unetserver, DK) or standard functions whose name appears in the first field in the Dialers file.

Blank lines and lines that begin with a Space or Tab are ignored. Protocols can be specified as a comma-subfield of the device type either in the Devices file (where device type is field 1) or in the Systems file (where it is field 3).

Two escape characters can be used in this file:

do not translate the phone /token

translate the phone /token using the Dialcodes file

Both refer to the phone number field in the Systems file (field 5). \D should always be used with entries in the Dialers file, since the Dialers file can contain a \T to expand the number if necessary. \T should only be used with built-in functions that require expansion.

Note that if a phone number is expected and a \D or \T is not present a \T is used for a built-in function, and \D is used for an entry referencing the Dialers file.


The following are examples of common Devices files.

Standard modem line

   ACU tty00 - 1200 801
   ACU tty00 - 1200 penril
   ACU tty00 - 1200 penril \D

A direct line

This example will allow cu -ltty00 to work. This entry could also be used for certain modems in manual mode.
   Direct tty00 - 4800 direct

A ventel modem on a develcon switch

``vent'' is the token given to the develcon to reach the ventel modem.
   ACU tty00 - 1200 develcon vent ventel
   ACU tty00 - 1200 develcon vent ventel \D

To reach a system on the local develcon switch

   Develcon tty00 - Any develcon \D

A direct connection to a system

   systemx tty00 - Any direct

Streams network examples

A Streams network that conforms to the AT&T Transport Interface with a direct connection to login service (that is, without explicitly using the Network Listener Service dial script):
   networkx , eg devicex - - TLIS \D
The Systems file entry looks like:
   systemx Any networkx - addressx in:--in: nuucp word: nuucp
You must replace systemx, networkx, addressx, and devicex with system name, network name, network address and network device, respectively. For example, entries for machine sffo on a STARLAN NETWORK might look like:
   sffo Any STARLAN - sffo in:--in: nuucp word: nuucp
   STARLAN,eg starlan - - TLIS \D
To use a Streams network that conforms to the AT&T Transport Interface and that uses the Network Listener Service dial script to negotiate for a server:
   networkx,eg devicex - - TLIS \D nls
To use a non-Streams network that conforms to the AT&T Transport Interface and that uses the Network Listener Service dial script to negotiate for a server:
   networkx,eg devicex - - TLI \D nls


full pathname of Devices

See also

Configuration(F), Dialers(F), uucico(ADM), uucp(C), uux(C), uuxqt(ADM)
© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
SCO OpenServer Release 5.0.7 -- 11 February 2003