sigsend, sigsendset -- send a signal to a process or a group of processes


cc . . . -lc
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/procset.h>

int sigsend(idtype_t idtype, id_t id, int sig);

int sigsendset(const procset_t *psp, int sig);


sigsend- send a signal to processes

sigsendset- send a signal to processes

sigsend sends a signal to the process or group of processes specified by id and idtype. The signal to be sent is specified by sig and is either zero or one of the values listed in signal(M). If sig is zero (the null signal), error checking is performed but no signal is actually sent. This value can be used to check the validity of id and idtype.

In order to send the signal to the target process (pid), the sending process must have permission to do so, subject to the real or effective user ID of the sending process matching the real or saved (from exec(S)) user ID of the receiving process, unless the sending process is the superuser, or sig is SIGCONT and the sending process has the same session ID as the receiving process.

idtype and id interact as follows:

The process with a process ID of 0 is always excluded. The process with a process ID of 1 is excluded unless idtype is equal to P_PID.

sigsendset provides an alternate interface for sending signals to sets of processes. This function sends signals to the set of processes specified by psp. psp is a pointer to a structure of type procset_t, defined in <sys/procset.h>, which includes the following members:

   idop_t		p_op;
   idtype_t	p_lidtype;
   id_t		p_lid;
   idtype_t	p_ridtype;
   id_t		p_rid;
p_lidtype and p_lid specify the ID type and ID of one (``left'') set of processes; p_ridtype and p_rid specify the ID type and ID of a second (``right'') set of processes. ID types and IDs are specified just as for the idtype and id arguments to sigsend. p_op specifies the operation to be performed on the two sets of processes to get the set of processes the system call is to apply to. The valid values for p_op and the processes they specify are:

set difference: processes in left set and not in right set

set intersection: processes in both left and right sets

set union: processes in either left or right set or both

set exclusive-or: processes in left or right set but not in both

Return values

On success, sigsend and sigsendset return 0. On failure, sigsend and sigsendset return -1 and set errno to identify the error.


In the following conditions, sigsend and sigsendset fail and set errno to:

sig is not a valid signal number.

idtype is not a valid idtype field.

sig is SIGKILL, idtype is P_PID and id is 1 (proc1).

The calling process is not the superuser, the real or effective user ID of the sending process does not match the real or effective user ID of the receiving process, and the calling process is not sending SIGCONT to a process that shares the same session.

No process can be found corresponding to that specified by id and idtype.
In addition, sigsendset fails if:

psp points outside the process' allocated address space.


linking library

See also

getpid(S), kill(C), kill(S), signal(M) signal(S)

Standards conformance

sigsend and sigsendset are conformant with:

AT&T SVID Issue 3.

© 2003 Caldera International, Inc. All rights reserved.
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